How to use GA4 for SEO

Written by
Kseniia Kyslova
Apr 20, 2023
21 min read

Even though you’ll find Google Analytics in virtually everyone’s SEO toolkit, it’s rarely on anyone’s list of easiest tools to work with, especially since digging into Google Analytics for insights makes even seasoned SEO specialists sweat.

These days, SEO specialists who use Google Analytics are facing a new challenge—migration to the new GA4 version. The transition period from the old GA to the new version took a couple of years, during which we met a completely new interface and learned new ways to collect and measure data.

Upon termination of Standard Universal Analytics properties data processing, you’ll need to brush up on all the different GA4 and SEO analytics hacks. 

If you haven’t connected your website to Google Analytics yet, check out our step-by-step guide to Google Analytics setup to learn how to do everything right.

Before diving into reports, make sure you know what to look at. Continue reading this article to learn how to work with Google Analytics and navigate its interface.

How to get SEO insights from Google Analytics

So, you want to know how to track SEO progress in Google Analytics. Great! But first, let’s go through the most frequently asked questions by SEO specialists and then see where to find the reports that answer them in the new interfaces of Google Analytics. 

1. How much organic traffic are you getting, and is the volume growing?

On average, 53.3% of visitors reach a website through organic search engine results. Google Analytics recognizes the most popular search engines and aggregates traffic from them in the Organic Search traffic channel.

You can view GA4 organic traffic data in the Traffic Acquisition report under the Acquisition section. Select Session default channel grouping to compare the amount of traffic you get from SEO over the rest of the channels. You can also select different time periods and compare them.

GA Traffic Acquisition report

The table below displays the direct, organic, paid, referral, and other types of traffic as well as stats on each. You can compare the data by dates and analyze the changes.

GA data on different types of traffic
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2. How much traffic do different search engines bring (Google, Yahoo!, Bing)?

If your website is targeting different markets, you might need to consider alternative search engines that are widely used in specific countries. This can help you see if Bing, Yahoo!, Baidu, or any other Google alternative is responsible for driving your traffic. 

In the same Traffic Acquisition report that we mentioned earlier, under Acquisition, select Sessions source/medium as the Primary Dimension. Then, type ‘organic’ in the search bar to filter out traffic from other mediums. In the table, you’ll see stats on users, sessions, and conversions coming from different search engines.

GA data on traffic from different search engines

3. How to see which queries bring in organic traffic

With Google Analytics 4, you can gain insights into how users come to your site organically. The Traffic acquisition report mentioned in the previous section is the key to this, but unlike in Universal Analytics, you won’t see GA4 organic keywords by default because the tool wants to protect the privacy of website visitors. 

To view and analyze organic keywords that drive traffic and conversions, and to optimize your website accordingly, you need to connect Google Search Console to your GA4. 

Here’s how to do it:

  • Go to the Admin in the left panel and select Search Console Links under Product Links in the Property column.
Add GSC to GA4
  • Then, click Link and choose the account you want to link your property to. Confirm and click Next to choose your site’s web data stream. Review and submit your settings.

This integration feature allows you to see two new reports in your GA4, including:

  • Google Organic Search Queries. This report shows search queries and related GSC metrics. 
  • Google Organic Search Traffic. This report shows landing pages and related GSC metrics.

These reports won’t appear by default in your GA4. To add them, go to the Library and publish the GSC collection of reports. Once you do this, you’ll see the Search Console tab under Retention.

To see the queries driving the highest volume of organic traffic, refer to the Queries report and examine the graph and Organic Google search clicks by Organic Google search query bar chart. It will show you the top five GA4 organic search terms. You can also double-check these queries by using the SEO rank checker, which monitors their dynamics and compares them to your competitors. 

It’s important to note that the GSC reports in GA4 can only be used in conjunction with GSC dimensions and a limited set of GA4 dimensions (Landing page, Device, Country). 

Also, Search Console stores the last 16 months of data, and the statistics become available 48 hours after being collected.

4. How to check traffic by channels

GA4 has default channel groups. Channels are predefined sources of website traffic. The default channel group includes traffic sources that GA4 uses to classify the traffic your website gets.

The default group has 18 traffic sources that can be considered in user, session, and event-scope dimensions. 

Keep in mind that if your reports feature dates before June 15, 2022, there may be some inconsistency. One possible example is when an Organic Shopping (non-ad links on shopping sites) channel is misidentified as an Organic Search (non-ad links in organic search results) channel.

To open Channel Groups, go to the Admin sections and choose Channel Groups under Data Settings.

Channel groups in GA4

Here, you’ll see the default group. As of the recent update, you have the option to create custom channel groups.

Create custom channel group in GA4

To check traffic by channel, go to the Traffic Aquisition under the Aquisition report tab and choose Default or Custom channel groups as the primary dimension.

Check traffic by channel group in GA4

The Custom channel group can also be used as a secondary dimension in any report that supports channel groups.

5. Do content distribution and link building bring referral traffic?

Search engines are not the only source of visitors that you can leverage as an SEO specialist. You can generate a substantial volume of traffic by placing links from blogs, social media, review platforms, email campaigns, and forums. All visitors arriving to your site through these links count as referral traffic in Google Analytics.

To see referral traffic in GA4, use the Traffic Acquisition report under Acquisition. Choose the Session source / Medium dimension and type “referral” in the search box to filter all sources of referral traffic in the table.

Referral traffic in GA4

By examining the amount of traffic from referring domains, you’ll be able to estimate if partnering with them will bring in the desired results. Good referral traffic indicates that these websites have readers who fit your target audience, which means you should publish more guest posts on them. You can also check if your guest posts generate more referral traffic after being featured on the website’s home page or promoted through their email campaigns.

6. What countries do your users come from, and how do they engage?

If your website’s language is English, expect a multinational audience. Your product might not be global but perhaps you’re targeting a specific country, state, or even city. By checking where your website visitors are coming from, you’ll find out if your content attracts potential customers or window shoppers who never convert.

In Google Analytics 4, you can find geographical data under the Demographics section in the Demographics Details report. From there, you’ll see statistics by Country, Region, or City.

GA4 Demographics Details report

You can also apply filters to see only organic traffic from different countries. To do this, click Add filter, include Session medium, and select Organic in Dimension values. Then, hit the Apply button.

Organic traffic from different countries in GA4

After checking these reports, you’ll know if you’re getting traffic, including organic traffic, from the areas you want.

If you’re targeting the global market, reports like these will show you how people from different countries are engaging and converting. This data can also help you come up with ideas on how to localize your offers and adapt your content to the most promising markets.

7. Does website traffic bring real value to my business?

If you need to report on the number of organic visitors who filled out a form on your website, made a purchase, or completed another important action, you should configure Conversions in your analytics properties. Tracking conversions will help you connect your SEO and sales processes.

Unlike UA, which uses session-based tracking and goals, everything that is tracked in GA4 is tracked as an event. Events are any user interaction with your site, and among them, conversions are the most important. Not all events are conversions, but you can choose which ones are for your website. Сonversions in GA4 are similar to Goals in UA.

You can count any of the events as conversions. To do this, select Admin on the left panel and click Events in the Property column.

Events in GA4

Look through the list of events collected in your property. You can modify one of the existing events and mark the resulting event as a conversion, or create an absolutely new conversion event. Move the toggle to mark particular events as conversions.

Modify events in GA4

You can also create a new conversion event. To do this, go to the Conversions in the Property column and click New conversion event.

Conversions in GA4

In total, you can track up to 30 conversion events in your GA4 property. Within 24 hours, the stats on them appear in your Conversions report under Engagement.

Track conversions in GA4

8. Can I see the most and least converting pages for different goals?

Once you get a stable flow of organic traffic to your website, you’ll want to know what pages convert well and what pages need improvement. By setting up your goals in Google Analytics, you’ll be able to evaluate conversion rates page-by-page.

In Google Analytics 4, go to the Pages and Screens report under Engagement to see the data for the conversions you track. You can check the stats for each conversion event separately by applying the relevant filters in the Conversions column.

Track converting pages in GA4

After identifying pages that get a lot of traffic but have low conversion rates, you’ll be able to decide what to do with them. 

  • Content that gets a lot of traffic but low conversions may not be worth the investment. 
  • Content with low conversions may be caused by technical issues that you can fix, which is a quick way to improve the page’s performance.

9. Can I visualize user journeys on the website?

Google Analytics provides tools that help you visualize your user journeys. You can check where visitors land, what actions they take, and what pages they move to. This will help you identify the most beaten paths that users take through your website and compare them with the user journey that you want them to follow.

Google Analytics 4 doesn’t have default visual reports like the Behavior Flow feature in Universal Analytics, but you can build and save a custom one. For this, go to the Explorations workspace and select Path Exploration which enables you to map out user journeys in a tree graph.

Path Exploration in GA4

When creating your custom exploration, you can choose the traffic segments, dimensions, and metrics that you want to include in your visitor path analysis. For example, you might choose the US country ID segment, add the device category as a breakdown dimension, and select the event count metric as the value for visualization. 

With this setup, you’ll be able to check, for example, the number of visitors from the US who started sessions on the home page, how many of them viewed your promotion, and how many engaged with it. If you hover over Mobile, Desktop, or Tablet at the bottom of the graph, you’ll see which devices these visitors used.

Create custom path exploration in GA4

The Google Analytics flow charts will help you find content that fails to keep visitors engaged. You can also use them to spot technical problems that cause users to become stuck in a loop and struggle to achieve their goals on your website.

10. Can I segment data to get more granular insights?

Sometimes you’ll want to analyze data for a particular group of users or sessions. You can do this in GA4, but make sure to use segmentation wisely.

All reports in GA4 are based on 100% of the available data, but sometimes the volume of data may exceed your GA4’s limit. If this occurs, you can view a representative sample of your data, which is a subset of your data that accurately reflects the characteristics of the entire dataset.

Here are some things you can do to address this issue:

  • Change population size. For instance, you can choose different timeframes, which can affect population size and give you more accurate data.
  • Choose a different level of precision and speed, or request unsampled results. Keep in mind that this only works if you have an upgraded version of GA4 (Google Analytics 360). 

Apart from that, you can freely segment your reports in GA4 to get granular data with no harm to the data’s accuracy. 

For example, if you want to analyze organic traffic page-by-page that you got from Google for a year, you can customize the Pages and Screens report under Engagement.

Customize Pages and Screens in GA4

In the GA4 interface, you’ll find the Comparison feature that works somewhat similarly to Segments in UA. Click the plus icon on the top of your report and you’ll be able to set conditions and dimensions for traffic segmenting. 

Another way to apply segments is to create customized reports using Explorations in GA4. This will allow you to extract data on the following groups/subsets. To access them, go to Explorations and open the form that you need. Click on the Plus icon near the Segments in the Variables column.

Build new segments in GA4

Here you can create brand new segments with your unique parameters and use suggested segments as a starting point.

In general, there are three types of segments that you can create:

  • User Segment: to get data on users who engaged with your site in a certain way.
  • Event Segment: to get data on events that occurred on your site.
  • Session Segment: to get data on the sessions that took place on your site.

For each segment, you can apply certain conditions (dimension, metric, event, custom parameters) and choose its scope (within the same event, within the same session, across all sessions).

Segment conditions and scope in GA4

Once you create the segment you need, you can drag it from the Variables tab and drop it into the Tab Settings tab. But don’t forget about limits. You can:

  • Create no more than 10 segments per exploration.
  • Apply no more than four segments at once to an individual exploration technique.

Remember that segment data is sampled (sample size is 100,000,000 rows).

11. Are there any technical issues with page load or design?

One issue that could stop organic visitors from converting is poor user experience. Low page load speed or design issues on mobile devices can cause your bounce rate to increase.

Unlike Universal Analytics, Google Analytics 4 currently lacks speed reports as a feature, but the tool is still being updated so GA4 might include it in the future. Afterall, speed is an important metric for Google because it affects user experience.

In the meantime, you can take advantage of GA4’s detailed breakdown of devices/browsers, etc., by using its traffic and engagement metrics. Go to the Tech details under the Tech tab in the Reports section. Choose the Device category or any other parameter you want in order to view a table with different stats and metrics.

Tech details in GA4

You can compare how engagement and traffic indicators vary based on the device, OS, browsers and other factors that your visitors use. If you notice any changes in engagement and traffic on any of these parameters, it could be a result of technical problems related to loading speed and design.

12. Is our content relevant and good enough for users?

This is a tough question even for Google Analytics. GA4 offers a range of engagement metrics to help you evaluate the quality of your content, but be careful with these metrics because they can easily be misinterpreted.

Since behavior metrics have been subject to the most scrutiny in UA, Google decided to reconsider its approach to measuring Engagement in GA4.

For sessions to be considered engaged, they should each last at least 10 seconds, include at least one conversion event, or feature at least two screen or page views. If a session doesn’t meet these criteria, then it is considered a bounce. 

GA4 has an Engagement module that includes the Pages and Screens report, which is analogous to the All Pages report in UA.

Average engagement time in GA4

In GA4, you can track new metrics, such as the Engagement Rate, User Engagement, Engaged Sessions, Average Engagement Time per Session, and more. You can even create a custom report and consolidate all of your engagement metrics there, which can help you avoid switching between different reports. To do this, go to the Explorations workspace.

Free form in GA4

Under Explore, you’ll need to create a new Free Form exploration that will show the engagement metrics in a chart page-by-page. Just select the page path dimension for Rows and add all the engagement metrics as Values.

Custom engagement report in GA4

Since GA4 relies more on engagement metrics, many mistakenly believe that the bounce rate no longer exists in this version. It was actually excluded from the default metrics and replaced with engagement, but you can still add it to your reports manually. 

Just open the report that you want to customize and click the pencil icon in the upper-right corner. Then, choose Metrics in the Report data, and add Bounce rate.

13. How to check where and what links your visitors click on your website

Links are another important dimension in Google Analytics 4. By applying them, you can collect data from your site’s outbound links and see if users clicked on them. This will help you understand how users interact with your website and how to build stronger funnels.

To get this kind of report, go to Explorations and choose Free Form to create a custom report, as we mentioned in the previous section. This time, add the Link URL and Page path + query string to Dimensions and then include them as Rows.

Custom clicked links report in GA4

This report will show you all the pages on your website with external links that users clicked.

14. Can I view SEO data from GA in a convenient dashboard?

After using Analytics for a period of time, you’ll likely come up with a specific workflow for checking reports and conducting SEO data analysis. You’ll become more adept at navigating the interface and knowing which reports to open and how to configure them. 

Still, going from one tab to another, and applying filters or segments every time to extract the data you need is time-consuming. Wouldn’t you rather get answers to all your SEO analytics questions on a single, convenient dashboard?

This is why Google Analytics allows you to set up custom dashboards that can aggregate pieces of data from different reports. You can do this by using Explorations in GA4, or exporting data into Looker Studio.

Looker Studio allows you to create data-rich,easy-to-read and sharable reports, but you will need the Read and Analyze permissions to implement this integration feature. Once you sign in to Looker Studio, click Create and select Data source.

Connect GA to Looker Studio

Then, choose the Analytics connector and click Authorize. Select an account and property and click Connect.

There’s also an even better option available. You can import data directly from Google Analytics into the SEO tool you use to track rankings. For example, SE Ranking’s Google rank position checker offers integration with Google Analytics, enabling you to access your key data in a convenient Overview dashboard, which is located in the Analytics & Traffic section.

Analytics & Traffic Overview in SE Ranking

The Traffic dashboards under the Analytics & Traffic section provide a more granular view of your website’s traffic. You can navigate between various tabs to analyze traffic from different sources, study your website audience, monitor SEO performance metrics page-by-page, and keep an eye on conversions.

Organic Traffic Dashboard Under Analytics & Traffic in SE Ranking

In addition to viewing your SEO Google Analytics data in SE Ranking, you can also include it in your SEO reports for clients using Report Builder. Just drag and drop items from the Analytics & Traffic section to automatically load the desired data into your report. This will enable you to create more comprehensive and visually appealing reports with less effort.

Analytics & Traffic Section in SE Ranking Report Builder

Getting your Google Analytics data to flow into SE Ranking is quick and easy. Simply connect the platform in just a few clicks when creating a new project in SE Ranking, or at any time after.

Connect GA4 to SE Ranking

Since this integration will simplify your SEO analytics and reporting tasks, why not give SE Ranking’s 14-day free trial a go?  

Approach Google Analytics wisely!

Getting a complete understanding of your online results is hard without knowing how to use GA for SEO reporting. GA can help you evaluate how effective your optimization efforts have been, whether you have a new website or have been in the digital arena for quite some time. It helps you make data-based adjustments that are crucial to your strategy. Still, you must know which reports to examine and how to interpret data accurately.

All of this means that you should approach Google Analytics in the following ways:

  • Make hypotheses about the success of your SEO strategy as a whole and for each page’s performance. 
  • Formulate questions that will help you clarify where you’re standing. 
  • Configure GA reports that will answer your questions with data and provide actionable insights.
  • Act, observe changes, and measure results.

By using GA SEO reports, you can build credibility with your clients and demonstrate that your optimization activities are a worthwhile investment. If you’d like to offer your own tips for using GA for SEO, feel free to share this article on social media, or start a discussion on this topic with your peers!

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